Die Gärtnerin Von Versailles Wiki

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Die Gärtnerin von Versailles (Originaltitel: A Little Chaos) ist ein britischer Historienfilm des Regisseurs Alan Rickman aus dem Jahr Die Gärtnerin von Versailles. (OT: A Little Chaos.) Historienfilm, Großbritannien, , Min., Buch und Regie: Alan Rickman, Produktion: Lionsgate, BBC. Die Gärtnerin von Versailles ist ein britischer Historienfilm von Alan Rickman aus dem Jahr Die unkonventionelle Landschaftsgärtnerin Sabine De Barra (Kate Winslet) erhält vom obersten Gartenarchitekten des Königs André Le Nôtre (Matthias. Sensen und Sinnlichkeit: Nach 20 Jahren sind Kate Winslet und Alan Rickman erstmals wieder gemeinsam in einem Film zu sehen. Der ist.

Die Gärtnerin Von Versailles Wiki

Die Gärtnerin von Versailles ein Film von Alan Rickman mit Kate Winslet, Matthias Schoenaerts. Inhaltsangabe: Als ihr Monsieur Le Nôtre (Matthias Schoenarts). In Alan Rickmans Kostümfilm Die Gärtnerin von Versailles verliebt sich Landschaftsgärtnerin Kate Winslet am Hof von Ludwig XIV. in ihren Chef Matthias Sch. Sensen und Sinnlichkeit: Nach 20 Jahren sind Kate Winslet und Alan Rickman erstmals wieder gemeinsam in einem Film zu sehen. Der ist. In Alan Rickmans Kostümfilm Die Gärtnerin von Versailles verliebt sich Landschaftsgärtnerin Kate Winslet am Hof von Ludwig XIV. in ihren Chef Matthias Sch. Alan Rickman macht aus Kate Winslet „Die Gärtnerin von Versailles“. Die bringt das Gartengenie Ludwig XIV um den Verstand. Gedreht wurde. Die Gärtnerin von Versailles ein Film von Alan Rickman mit Kate Winslet, Matthias Schoenaerts. Inhaltsangabe: Als ihr Monsieur Le Nôtre (Matthias Schoenarts). Drei Schritte zu dir Filme mit audrey hepburn treffen sie jedoch eine schlechte Entscheidung nach der anderen: Die gärtnerin von versailles wiki stehlen.

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Die Schwester Everything Deutsch Königin. Kommentar speichern. Verleiher Tobis Film. Gewinnspiel 18 Mai Handlung von Die Gärtnerin von Versailles Drei Musketiere Besetzung Originaltitel A Little Chaos. Keine continue reading Aufgabe für die selbstbewusste Witwe, die fortan nicht nur gegen neidische männliche Kollegen und subtile Hofintrigen zu kämpfen hat, sondern sich auch immer stärker zu ihrem Auftraggeber hingezogen final, Blutspuren are. Trending: Meist diskutierte Filme. Sprachen Englisch. Die Gärtnerin von Versailles Blu-ray. The Lobster. Das könnte dich auch interessieren. Madame Bovary. The soundtrack was composed by Peter Gregson. Courtiers gathered in the Hall to watch the King link from his apartments to the chapel, Kinox.To?Trackid=Sp-006 sometimes took the occasion to present him with requests. Subsequent rulers mostly carried out interior remodeling, to meet the demands see more changing taste, although Louis XV visit web page install an opera house at the north end of the north wing for the wedding of the Dauphin and Marie Antoinette in Retrieved 5 November Ayers, Andrew Versailles is the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese bishopric learn more here was created in Download as PDF Printable version. Versailles is a chic suburb of Paris, well linked with the center of Paris by several train lines. The second season premiered on 27 March in France, [11] and aired from 21 April in Britain.

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E-Mail-Adresse: eintragen. Sinn und Sinnlichkeit. Produktionsjahr Helen McCrory. Alle Preisträger wurden schriftlich benachrichtigt. Phyllida Law. Der Name Click to see more Paul sagte bislang wahrscheinlich den wenigstens etwas. Kritik https://schertel.co/neu-stream-filme/die-chefin-staffel-8.php. Kommentar speichern. September auf dem Toronto International Https://schertel.co/neu-stream-filme/crossbones.php Festival gezeigt. Anmelden via Facebook. Madame Bovary. User folgen 8 Follower Lies die Kritiken. Was wir noch nicht über Kate Winslet wussten… 17 Mai Verleiher Tobis Film. Adrian Scarborough. Alan Rickman. Gewinnspiel 18 Mai

The eight-foot high silver throne was melted down in to help pay the costs of an expensive war, and was replaced by a more modest throne of gilded wood.

The central painting on the ceiling, by Charles de la Fosse , depicts the Sun Chariot of Apollo , the King's favorite emblem, pulled by four horses and surrounded by the four seasons.

The Salon of Diana was used by Louis XIV as a billiards room, and had galleries from which courtiers could watch him play.

The decoration of the walls and ceiling depicts scenes from the life of the goddess Diana. The celebrated bust of Louis XIV by Bernini made during the famous sculptor's visit to France in , is on display here.

The apartments of the King were the heart of the chateau; they were in the same location as the rooms of Louis XIII, the creator of the chateau, on the first floor second floor US style.

They were set aside for the personal use of Louis XIV in He and his successors Louis XV and Louis XVI used these rooms for official functions, such as the ceremonial lever "waking up" and the coucher "going to bed" of the monarch, which were attended by a crowd of courtiers.

The King's apartment was accessed from the Hall of Mirrors from the Oeil de Boeuf antechamber past the Guardroom and the Grand Couvert , the ceremonial room where Louis XIV often took his evening meals, seated alone at a table in front of the fireplace.

His spoon, fork, and knife were brought to him in a golden box. The courtiers could watch as he dined. The King's bedchamber had originally been the State Drawing Room and had been used by Queen Marie-Theresa, but after her death in Louis XIV took it over to use as his own bedroom and died there on September 1, On October 6, , from the balcony of this room Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette, joined by the Marquis de Lafayette , looked down on the hostile crowd in the courtyard, shortly before the King was forced to return to Paris.

The bed of the King is placed beneath a carved relief by Nicolas Coustou entitled France watching over the sleeping King. The decoration includes several paintings set into the paneling, including a self-portrait of Antony Van Dyck.

The petit appartement de la reine is a suite of rooms that were reserved for the personal use of the queen. The Queen's apartments and the King's Apartments were laid out on the same design, each suite having seven rooms.

Both suites had ceilings painted with scenes from mythology; the King's ceilings featured male figures, the Queen's featured females.

The Galerie des Glaces or Hall of Mirrors. Guerdirons or candle holders in the Hall of Mirrors. The Grand Gallery is a set of three highly decorated reception rooms, dedicated to the celebration of the political and military successes of Louis XIV, and used for important ceremonies, celebrations and receptions.

Below the fireplace is a painting of Clio , the Muse of History, recording the exploits of the King. It took the place of the rooftop terrace overlooking the gardens which formerly connected the apartments of the King and Queen.

The construction of the room began in and finished in It shows Louis XIV, facing the powers of Europe, turning away from his pleasures to accept a crown of immortality from Glory, with the encouragement of Mars.

The hall was originally furnished with solid silver furniture designed by Le Brun, but these furnishings were melted down in to help pay for war expenses.

The King kept a silver throne, usually located in the Salon of Apollo, which was brought to the Hall of Mirrors for formal ceremonies, such as the welcome of foreign ambassadors, including a delegation from the King of Siam in It was also used for large events, such as full-dress and masked balls.

Light was provided by candelabra on large gilded guerdirons lining the hall. Those on display today were made in for the marriage of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, based on the moldings of earlier silver versions made by LeBrun that had been melted down.

The twenty-four crystal chandeliers were hung only for special occasions. Courtiers gathered in the Hall to watch the King walk from his apartments to the chapel, and sometimes took the occasion to present him with requests.

It was consecrated in , and was dedicated to Louis IX of France , the ancestor and patron saint of the King. Construction was begun by Hardouin-Mansart in , and was completed by de Corte.

Daily services, wedding ceremonies, and baptisms were held in this chapel until Like other royal chapels, it had two levels: the King and family worshipped in the Royal Gallery on the upper level, while ordinary courtiers stood on the ground level.

The paintings on the ceiling display scenes depicting the three figures of the trinity. The Royal Chapel has been under renovation for days.

The end of the construction is scheduled for summer Ceiling of the opera, painted by Louis Jean-Jacques Durameau.

However, due to the expense of the King's continental wars, the project was put aside. The idea was revived by Louis XV with a new design by Ange-Jacques Gabriel in , but this also was temporarily put aside.

The project was revived and rushed ahead for the planned celebration of the marriage of the Dauphin, the future Louis XVI , and Marie-Antoinette.

For economy and speed, the new opera was built almost entirely of wood, which also gave it very high quality acoustics. The wood was painted to resemble marble, and the ceiling was decorated with a painting of the Apollo, the god of the arts, preparing crowns for illustrious artists, by Louis Jean-Jacques Durameau.

The sculptor Augustin Pajou added statuary and reliefs to complete the decoration. The new Opera was inaugurated on May 16, , as part of the celebration of the royal wedding.

In October , early in the French Revolution , the last banquet for the royal guardsmen was hosted by the King in the opera, before he departed for Paris.

Following the Franco-German War in and then the Paris Commune until , the French National Assembly met in the opera, until the proclamation of the Third French Republic and the return of the government to Paris.

Shortly after becoming King in , Louis Philippe I decided to transform the Palace, which was empty of furnishings and in poor repair, into a museum devoted to "All the Glories of France," with paintings and sculpture depicting famous French victories and heroes.

The walls of the apartments of the courtiers and lesser members of the royal family on the first floor second floor U.

A monumental painting by Vernet features Louis Philippe himself, with his sons, posing in front of the gates of the Palace.

The overthrow of Louis Philippe in put an end to his grand plans for the museum, but the Gallery of Battles is still as it was, and is passed through by many visitors to the royal apartments and grand salons.

Another set of rooms on the first floor has been made into galleries on Louis XIV and his court, displaying furniture, paintings, and sculpture.

In recent years, eleven rooms on the ground floor between the Chapel and the Opera have been turned into a history of the palace, with audiovisual displays and models.

The Orangerie garden. They were originally designed to be viewed from the terrace on the west side of the palace, and to create a grand perspective that reached to the horizon, illustrating the king's complete dominance over nature.

The features closest to the Palace are the two water parterres , large pools which reflect the facade of the palace.

These are decorated with smaller works of sculpture, representing the rivers of France, which are placed so as not to interfere with the reflections in the water.

Down a stairway from the Parterre d'Eau is the Latona Fountain , created in , illustrating the story of Latona taken from the Metamorphoses of Ovid.

According to the story, when the peasants of Lycia insulted Latona, the mother of Apollo and Diana , the god Jupiter transformed the peasants into frogs.

Gaspard's brother Balthazard designed six lead half-human, half-frog figures to grace the water spouts surrounding the Latona statue, with 24 cast lead frogs positioned on the grass surrounding the perimeter of the fountain.

Hardouin-Mansart designed a much grander fountain of four oval tiers forming a pyramid, topped by Gaspard Marsy's statue and enhanced all around with the semi-human figures of Balthazard Marsy and an assortment of gilded frogs and lizards sculpted by Claude Bertin.

The Latona Fountain underwent a major renovation between and , which required the removal of its statuary, marble fittings, and lead pipe network for off-site restoration.

The marble facing and statues were covered in years of accumulated grime, obscuring the vibrant colors of the marble and the gilt fixtures as they originally appeared.

The Grand Perspective of the palace continues from the Fountain of Latona south along a grassy lane, the Tapis Vert or green carpet, to the Basin of the Chariot of Apollo.

Apollo, the sun god, was the emblem of Louis XIV, featured in much of the decoration of the palace. The chariot rising from the water symbolized the rising of the sun.

It was designed by Le Brun and made by the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Tuby at the Gobelins Manufactory between and , cast in lead and then gilded.

Another group of formal gardens is located on the north side of the water parterre. The fountains in this area all have a maritime or aquatic theme; the Pyramid Fountain is decorated with Tritons , Sirens , dolphins and nymphs.

The Dragon Fountain is one of the oldest at Versailles and has the highest jet of water, twenty-seven meters. It is not actually a dragon, but a python , a mythical serpent that was killed by Apollo.

The Neptune Fountain was originally decorated only with a circle of large lead basins jetting water; Louis XV added statues of Neptune , Triton and other gods of the sea.

The South Parterre is located beneath the windows of the queen's apartments and on the roof of the Orangerie. It is decorated with box trees and flowers in arabesque patterns.

The Orangerie is located beneath the main terrace of the palace, on which the North and South Parterres rest. Three huge retaining walls divide the South Parterre from the lower parterre parterre bas of the Orangerie.

Arcaded galleries with walls up to 16 ft. The longest of these is the main south-facing gallery, at over ft.

Corresponding staircases known as the Escaliers des Cent Marches so-called because each staircase has steps descend from above the east and west galleries to reach the level of the Orangerie.

The thickness of the walls combined with the southern exposure and double glazing of the windows was designed according to the theories of Jean Baptiste de la Quintinie, the head gardener of the Potager du roi , to provide a frost-free environment year round for the tender subtropical plants, primarily Orange trees, beloved by Louis XIV.

Supplying water for the fountains of Versailles was a major problem for the royal government. The site of the Palace itself is ft.

This presented the daunting problem to Louis XIV's engineers of how to transport water uphill over such a distance. In , pressure on water supplies led Louis XIV to commission another aqueduct, the Canal de l'Eure , to transport water from the River Eure , 52 miles to the southwest.

Work on the Eure aqueduct came to a halt in , when France entered the Nine Years' War , and the poor finances of the kingdom in the latter part of Louis XIV's life prevented work from ever resuming.

When the King promenaded in the gardens, fountains were turned on only when the King was approaching them, and turned off after he departed.

For everyone else, water was carried by a small army of water carriers to the upper floors, filling copper tanks in the private appartements of the courtiers.

Only the King, the Queen, and the Dauphin had anything approaching bathrooms. In the s, Louis XIV had a magnificent five-room bath complex installed on the ground floor of the apartments belonging to his mistress, Madame de Montespan.

Louis XV commissioned a bathroom to be built when he was thirteen years old - he would later build bathrooms supplied with plumbed-in hot and cold water.

It is estimated that there were only three hundred of these at any one time. Most of Versailles' inhabitants used communal latrines located throughout the palace, off the main galleries or at the end of the residential corridors on the upper floors.

These were sources of continual stench, polluting nearby rooms and causing issues of blockage and sewage leaks from the iron and lead pipes which drained the privies on the upper floors.

The ground floor gallery of the south wing was prone to this, to the extent that iron bars had to be installed in the corridor outside the rooms of the Dauphin Louis and the Dauphine when they moved to the south wing in As always, the royal family and high-ranking courtiers within the palace had superior hygienic arrangements at their disposal.

Louis XV's care for hygiene led him to install an early water closet , imported from England, in By the mid-eighteenth century, other members of the royal family, the King's mistress Madame du Barry , and certain high-level courtiers had also installed their own water closets.

The character of the "piss boy" in Mel Brooks ' film History of the World: Part 1 is based on a real job at the palace.

The largest part of the garden is divided into geometric bosquets , compartment-like groves; eight on the north side of the garden, and six to the south.

The bosquets were created for Louis XIV between and They were bordered with high trees and carefully trimmed in cubic forms to resemble rooms with walls of greenery.

Each bosquet had its own theme and fountains, statuary, grottoes, and other decoration. Some were highly formal, like Hardouin-Mansart's Bosquet de la Colonnade, with a circle of columns alternating with fountains, while others imitated nature.

They were often used for concerts or theatrical performances. Some are now decorated with contemporary works of art. In Louis XIV decided to build a smaller palace some distance from the main palace, where he could spend quieter time away from the crowds and formality of his Court.

He purchased a village called Trianon which adjoined the park, and constructed a pavilion covered with blue and white porcelain in the fashionable Chinese style; it was finished in , and became known as the Porcelain Trianon.

In , he replaced it with the Grand Trianon , a larger and more classical pavilion designed by Mansart, with a terrace and walls faced with different colored slabs of marble.

It is decorated today largely as it was under Napoleon and Louis-Philippe. The square shaped building, with each facade different, was a prototype of Neoclassicism in France.

The most ornate facade, with Corinthian columns, faced the French landscape garden. She asked the architect Richard Mique and painter Hubert Robert to design a new English-style landscape garden to replace the formal French garden.

Not far from the Petit Trianon she had the Rock Pavilion constructed, and added the classical rotunda of the Temple of Love, built in In , she built a small theater at the Petit Trianon.

In her theater she played a part in one of the first performances of the play The Marriage of Figaro by Pierre Beaumarchais , which helped ensure its success.

She was at the Petit Trianon in July when she first heard the news from Paris of the storming of the Bastille and the beginning of the French Revolution.

One of the most celebrated features of the park is the Hameau de la Reine , a small rustic hamlet near the Petit Trianon created for Queen Marie Antoinette between and by the royal architect Richard Mique with the help of the painter Hubert Robert.

It replaced a botanical garden created by Louis XV, and consisted of twelve structures, ten of which still exist, in the style of villages in Normandy.

It was designed for the Queen and her friends to amuse themselves by playing peasants, and included a farmhouse with a dairy, a mill, a boudoir, a pigeon loft, a tower in the form of a lighthouse from which one could fish in the pond, a belvedere, a cascade and grotto, and a luxuriously furnished cottage with a billiard room for the Queen.

The palace still serves political functions. In , President Nicolas Sarkozy addressed the global financial crisis before a congress in Versailles, the first time that this had been done since , when Charles-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte gave an address before the French Second Republic.

Owing to the nature of the construction of Versailles and the evolution of the role of the palace, construction costs were essentially a private matter.

Initially, Versailles was planned to be an occasional residence for Louis XIV and was referred to as the "king's house".

Once Louis XIV embarked on his building campaigns, expenses for Versailles became more of a matter for public record, especially after Jean-Baptiste Colbert assumed the post of finance minister.

These volumes provide valuable archival material pursuant to the financial expenditure on all aspects of Versailles such as the payments disbursed for many trades as varied as artists and mole catchers.

To counter the costs of Versailles during the early years of Louis XIV's personal reign, Colbert decided that Versailles should be the "showcase" of France.

Even the mirrors used in the decoration of the Hall of Mirrors were made in France. While Venice in the 17th century had the monopoly on the manufacture of mirrors, Colbert succeeded in enticing a number of artisans from Venice to make the mirrors for Versailles.

However, owing to Venetian proprietary claims on the technology of mirror manufacture, the Venetian government ordered the assassination of the artisans to keep the secrets proprietary to the Venetian Republic.

In , the name of the enterprise was changed to the Manufacture royale des Meubles de la Couronne. The Gobelins were charged with all decoration needs of the palace, which was under the direction of Charles Le Brun.

Entries for and concerning the silver balustrade used in the salon de Mercure serve as an example:. Lois and to Sr. Lois and Sr.

Jehannot de Bartillay 4, livres 12 sols for the delivery to Sr. Accordingly, the silver balustrade, which contained in excess of one ton of silver, cost in excess of , livres.

In , Mme de Maintenon stated that the cost of providing light and food for twelve people for one day amounted to slightly more than 14 livres.

Clearly, the silver furniture alone represented a significant outlay in the finances of Versailles.

While the decoration of the palace was costly, certain other costs were minimised. For example, labour for construction was often low, due largely to the fact that the army during times of peace and during the winter, when wars were not waged, was pressed into action at Versailles.

Additionally, given the quality and uniqueness of the items produced at the Gobelins for use and display at Versailles, the palace served as a venue to showcase not only the success of Colbert's mercantilism, but also to display the finest that France could produce.

Estimates of the amount spent to build Versailles are speculative. France's Fifth Republic expenditures alone, directed to restoration and maintenance at Versailles, may have surpassed those of the Sun King.

This article often employs shortened footnotes. The full citations can be found in the immediately following section.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Versailles. French palace on the outskirts of Paris. For the city of Versailles, see Versailles, Yvelines.

For other uses, see Versailles disambiguation. For the extensive park around the palace, see Gardens of Versailles.

Garden facade; Hall of Mirrors ; Gardens of Versailles. Main article: History of the Palace of Versailles.

Main articles: Appartement du roi and Petit appartement du roi. Main article: Petit appartement de la reine. Main article: Hall of Mirrors.

Main article: Chapels of Versailles. Main article: Royal Opera of Versailles. Main article: Galerie des Batailles.

Main article: Gardens of Versailles. Main articles: Grand Trianon and Petit Trianon. Peristyle of the Grand Trianon. West facade of the Petit Trianon.

Main article: Hameau de la Reine. See also: Treaties of Versailles. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture.

Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Main article: List of films shot at the Palace of Versailles.

Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3rd ed. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 28 August Versailles: A Biography of a Palace.

Louis XIV's Versailles. Penguin Books. The Sun King. Sphere Books Ltd. Retrieved 13 November Apollo Magazine. Retrieved 10 April During the various periods when government affairs were conducted from Versailles, Paris remained the official capital of France.

At the census the Yvelines had 1,, inhabitants. Versailles is the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese bishopric which was created in The diocese of Versailles is subordinate to the archdiocese of Paris.

In , Versailles was made the seat of a Court of Appeal whose jurisdiction covers the western suburbs of Paris. Versailles is also an important node for the French army, a tradition going back to the monarchy with, for instance, the military camp of Satory and other institutions.

Versailles is located The city commune of Versailles has an area of Born out of the will of a king, the city has a rational and symmetrical grid of streets.

By the standards of the 18th century, Versailles was a very modern European city. Versailles was used as a model for the building of Washington, D.

The name of Versailles appears for the first time in a medieval document dated In the feudal system of medieval France, the lords of Versailles came directly under the king of France, with no intermediary overlords between them and the king; yet they were not very important lords.

In the end of the 11th century, the village curled around a medieval castle and the Saint Julien church. Its farming activity and its location on the road from Paris to Dreux and Normandy brought prosperity to the village, culminating in the end of the 13th century, the so-called "century of Saint Louis ", famous for the prosperity of northern France and the building of Gothic cathedrals.

The 14th century brought the Black Death and the Hundred Years' War , and with it death and destruction. At the end of the Hundred Years' War in the 15th century, the village started to recover, with a population of only inhabitants.

He obtained permission to establish four annual fairs and a weekly market on Thursdays. The population of Versailles was inhabitants.

Bartholomew's Day massacre 24 August Henceforth Versailles was the possession of the Gondi family , a family of wealthy and influential parliamentarians at the Parlement of Paris.

In , the king purchased a parcel of forest for his private hunting. In , he acquired more and entrusted Philibert Le Roy with the construction of a small hunting lodge of red bricks and stone with a slate roof.

It was 20 years later, in , when Louis XIV commenced his personal reign, that the young king showed interest in Versailles.

The idea of leaving Paris, where, as a child, he had experienced first-hand the insurrection of the Fronde , had never left him.

In , after the Treaty of Nijmegen , the king decided that the court and the government would be established permanently in Versailles, which happened on 6 May At the same time, a new city was emerging from the ground, resulting from an ingenious decree of the king dated 22 May , whereby the king authorized anyone to acquire a lot in the new city for free.

The plans provided for a city built symmetrically with respect to the Avenue de Paris which starts from the entrance of the castle. The roofs of the buildings and houses of the new city were not to exceed the level of the Marble Courtyard, at the entrance of the castle built above a hill dominating the city , so that the perspective from the windows of the castle would not be obstructed.

The old village and the Saint Julien church were demolished to make room for buildings housing the administrative services managing the daily life in the castle.

Versailles was a vast construction site for many years. Little by little came to Versailles all those who needed or desired to live close to the maximum power.

At the death of the Sun King in , the village of Versailles had turned into a city of approximately 30, inhabitants.

With the reign of Louis XV, Versailles grew even further. Versailles was the capital of the most powerful kingdom in Europe, and the whole of Europe admired its new architecture and design trends.

Soon enough, the strict building rules decided under Louis XIV were not respected anymore, real estate speculation flourished, and the lots that had been given for free under Louis XIV were now on the market for hefty prices.

By , the population reached 37, inhabitants. Buildings were now taller. By , the population had reached 60, inhabitants, [8] and Versailles was now the seventh or eighth-largest city of France, and one of the largest cities of Europe.

Seat of the political power, Versailles naturally became the cradle of the French Revolution. The Estates-General met in Versailles on 5 May Eventually, on 5 and 6 October , a crowd of women joined by some members of the national guard from Paris invaded the castle to protest bread prices and forced the royal family to move to Paris.

The National Constituent Assembly followed the king to Paris soon afterwards, and Versailles lost its role of capital city.

From then on, Versailles lost a good deal of its inhabitants. From 60,, the population had declined to 26, inhabitants by Louis-Philippe , who took the throne in the July Revolution of , transformed the palace into a National Museum dedicated to "all the glories of France" in Versailles had become a sleepy town, a place of pilgrimage for those nostalgic for the old monarchy.

The Franco-Prussian War of put Versailles in the limelight again. On 18 January the victorious Germans proclaimed the king of Prussia , Wilhelm I , emperor of Germany in the very Hall of Mirrors of the castle, in an attempt to take revenge for the conquests of Louis XIV two centuries earlier.

Then in March of the same year, following the insurrection of the Paris Commune , the French Third Republic government under Thiers relocated to Versailles, and from there directed the military suppression of the insurrection.

The government and the French parliament stayed in Versailles after the quelling of the Commune May , and it was even thought [ by whom?

Restoration of a monarchy almost occurred in , with parliament offering the crown to Henri, comte de Chambord , but his refusal to accept the tricolor flag that had been adopted during the Revolution made the restoration of monarchy impossible for the time being.

Eventually, however, left-wing republicans won a string of parliamentary elections, defeating the parties supporting a restoration of the monarchy, and the new majority decided to relocate the government to Paris in November Versailles then experienced a new population setback 48, inhabitants at the census.

Only in did Versailles definitely recover its level of population of , with 60, inhabitants at the census. After , as the suburbs of Paris continued to expand, Versailles was absorbed by the urban area of Paris and the city experienced a strong demographic and economic growth, turning it into a large suburban city of the metropolitan area of Paris.

The role of Versailles as an administrative and judicial center has been reinforced in the s and s, and somehow Versailles has become the main center of the western suburbs of Paris.

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